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Impact craters are common on all solar system bodies. They offer many clues to scientists regarding the geologic history of a planetary surface, particularly regarding its age, evolution with time, and composition.

For instance, this image covers an impact crater on the southeastern flank of Ascraeus Mons, a notable volcano in the Tharsis Plateau. Based on the original science rationale for acquiring this image, by gaining more information about its depth and consequently the stability of the crater wall, we can learn more about the nature of the volcano’s flank materials.

Also, by carefully studying the materials exposed in the crater walls, we can gain more information about the subsurface.


Image: NASA/JPL/University of Arizona https://www.uahirise.org/hipod/ESP_069897_1895
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An Impact Crater within Nanedi Valles

With this image, we can cross-dating the relative age of the impact with that of the valley system, as well as learning more about the fluvial and morphology characteristics of area.
Sunken and Pitted Ejecta

Sunken and Pitted Ejecta

The objective of this observation was to examine the edge of impact ejecta from a crater to the north-west of this area (north is up, west is to the left).